The difference between a domain name and web hosting
To create a website, you must own a domain name and web hosting. But what is a domain name? What is web hosting? Are they not the same?
It is important that you clearly identify their differences before proceeding to create your first website .
What is web hosting?
Web hosting is the computer on which people store their websites. Think of it as a home where you store all your belongings; but instead of storing clothes and furniture you store computer files (HTML, documents, images, videos, etc.) in web hosting.
Most often, the term “web hosting” refers to a company that rents its computer / servers to store your website and provides an Internet connection so that other users can access files on your website.
In most cases, these hosting companies will handle server maintenance work, such as backup, root configuration, maintenance, disaster recovery, etc.
To host a website
Web hosting companies: InMotion hosting , SiteGround , A2 hosting .
What is a domain name
Domain is the address of your site. Before you can set up a website, you need a domain.
To have a domain name, you need to register it with a domain registrar.
The domain name is not something physical that you can touch or see. This is a string of characters that give your site an identity (yes, a name, like a person and a business). Examples of a domain name are: Google.com, Alexa.com, Linux.org, eLearningEuropa.info, and also Yahoo.co.uk.
All domain names are unique. This means that there can be only one alexa.com in the world. You cannot register a name if it is registered by others ( ICANN ).
Domain Name vs. Web Hosting
To simplify: a domain name, similar to the address of your home; web hosting, on the other hand, is the space of your home where you place your furniture.
Instead of the street name and city code, a set of words or numbers is used to name the site. Computer hard disk and computer memory are used instead of wood and steel for storing and processing data files. The idea is presented more clearly with the diagram above.
One of the reasons why newbies are confused is that the same provider often offers domain registration and web hosting services.
Regular domain registrars, who previously offered domain registration services, now offer website hosting services. Most web hosting companies today have the ability to register a domain name for their users. In fact, many hosting providers provide free (or almost free) domain names to attract new customers.
Companies offering free (or almost free) domains
Web hosting: InMotion hosting (free domain for year 1), GreenGeeks (free domain for year 1), Hostgator(domain value of $ 0.01 for year 1).
Opinion: Is it worth buying a domain and web hosting from one company?
Should I buy domain names and hosting in one place? My personal recommendation …
1 – Never register important domains on a web hosting.
I usually register my domains using Name Cheap and place them with another hosting provider. For example, this site you are reading is hosted on InMotion hosting .
This ensures that my domain remains in my hands, if anything goes awry with my hosting provider.
It is much easier to move to a new hosting company when you register your domain with a third party. Otherwise, you will have to wait until your hosting company issues your domain. This can be complicated, as they also lose your hosting.
2 – But not everyone agrees …
But wait … it’s just me (I’m a dinosaur). Many webmasters buy their domain and place it in the same place. And everything is in order – especially if you live in a reliable solution provider with a good business reputation. Here is another opinion quoted on Twitter:
So, what if you have already registered your domain with a hosting company?
You have two options.
- Just live with him and do nothing.
- Transfer your domain name to a third-party registrar.
For # 2, here’s detailed instructions on how to translate your domain name into the name Cheap . And here’s how you can do it for GoDaddy . Basically, all you have to do is
- Get the Auth / EPP code from your current registrar (in this case your hosting company)
- Submit a transfer request to a new domain registrar
Please note that according to the ICANN Registration Registration Policy , domains that are less than 60 days or have been transferred within the last 60 days cannot be transferred. You will need to wait at least 60 days before the transfer.